Wednesday, May 20, 2020
The Relationship Between Slavery and Freedom For Edmund S. Morgan American slavery and American freedom go together hand in hand. Morgan argues that many historians seem to ignore writing about the early development of American freedom simply because it was shaped by the rise of slavery. It seems ironic that while one group of people is trying to break the mold and become liberated, that same group is making others confined and shattering their respectability. The aspects of liberty, race, and slavery are closely intertwined in the essay, Slavery and Freedom: The American Paradox. The contradictions between slavery and freedom are very apparent throughout history. America started out with the intentions of becoming separateÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦It is a great debate as to why they treated that small group so poorly. Jefferson felt very strongly about the freedom of an individual. His idea of freedom was that the individual was independent, and not under the control of a government for example. There were two main things that Jefferson was concerned with, debt and distrust of men who were landless workers (124). With the first he felt that while under debt a man had very limited freedom of action. The landless workers he felt were very dependent. They had to work because there was no land for backup. In these times owning property was an important part of being a free man. Perhaps this led to slavery for those who did not own land. Many think slavery was always race based, but Jefferson?s position shows a different view. The problem with the landless workers escalated to its height in 1676 when about one fourth of freemen in Virginia did not own any land of their own (132). Many of these men wandered about, living dangerous and non goal oriented lives. These people were causing big problems among the Virginia population. While they needed the immigrants to work, when they were turned free they went out of control. Eventually this led to Bacon?s Rebellion. The problem was similar to that in England so they treated it the same way, with many tough restrictions of liberty (134). In efforts to control everything the government ended upShow MoreRelatedThe Relationship between Slavery and Freedom in Provincial Chesapeake753 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesThe Relationship between Slavery and Freedom in Provincial Chesapeake Edmund S. Morgan has presented an interesting question regarding the question of the colonists treatment of slavery as a special circumstance, one that is separate from freedom. The promotion of freedom by the Virginia settlers to their own kind, but not to those whose skin was a darker shade, exhibits the tough judgment calls that had to be made to help the colony survive. There seemed to be a more prevalent concern amongRead MoreEssay Ancient Slavery: Death Senetence or Life Opportunity?554 Words Ã |Ã 3 PagesIn Aristotles Justifying Slavery and Senecas On Master and Slave, the two authors express their opposing sentiments on the principles of slavery. While Aristotle describes slavery as predestined inferiority, evidenced greatly by physical attributes, Seneca emphasizes the importance of philosophical freedom as opposed to physical freedom. (p. 58). The authors contrasting views are disclosed in their judgments on the morality of slavery, the degree of freedom all people possess at birthRead MoreRelationship Between Institution of Slavery and Outbreak of Civil War863 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesÃ¯ » ¿Relationship between Institution of Slavery and Outbreak of Civil War Abstract Fundamentally, Slavery is an economic phenomenon. Looking at the history throughout, slavery has always existed where it has been an economic worthwhile to all those having power. Before the Civil War in U.S, nearly four million slaves lived there. Rates of return on slaves were enjoyed by the masters and these rates were comparable to assets. Industrial enterprises, cotton consumers and insurance companies benefitedRead MoreThe Civil War : Truly Mind Boggling1457 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthere was always an unpleasant feeling between slaveholders and those working themselvesÃ¢â¬ (80). Nonslaveholders were known as yeomen and actually did their own work. On the other hand, slaveholders had the slaves work for them. They were lazy and never participated in the work on their plantations. There was often confusion associated with a slaveholder and nonslaveholder. Many questions were asked concerning how their views were alike or different about slavery. Not owning a slave, was not an indicationRead MoreThe Narrative Of Frederick Douglass1132 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesways slave owners kept slaves captive is through keeping the slaves ignorant. It is nearly impossible for a slave to escape slavery if they cannot read and write. Slave owners knew how impossible this was so they kept them ignorant, they kept them from learning. Since ignorance is what seems to hold slaves captive, one could easily conclude that knowledge is the key to freedom. Douglass figured this out at a young age. He starts learning from Mrs. Auld but eventually ends up disappointed when he learnsRead MoreFreedom, Without Qualification Is An Important Piece Of `` Americana ``1595 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesFreedom is such an important piece of Ã¢â¬Å"AmericanaÃ¢â¬ that everyone, inside or outside of the United States, believes they know what the word means; yet when asked to define it, the word retreats to the abstract nothingness of intangible shadows. FreedomÃ¢â¬â¢s complicated nature becomes an important topic when comparing the free and enslaved black women in three antebellum narratives: Harriet JacobsÃ¢â¬â¢s Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, Melton A. McLaurinÃ¢â¬â¢s Celia, a Slave, and Harriet E. WilsonÃ¢â¬â¢s OurRead MoreSolomon Northup s Abduction And Sale Into Slavery1000 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesSolomon NorthupÃ¢â¬â¢s abduction and sale into slavery begins his journey into being a slave for a long duration of his life. In the book, 12 Years a Slave, he discusses the plight of the unfortunate circumstances that would lead him to a life of pain and suffering. His story, first shared after he attained freedom, reached many who then looked at the suffering of African Americans at the hands of slavery. While SolomonÃ¢â¬â¢s story is truly unique, it still holds validity. The importance and effectivenessRead More The Powerful Ideal of Freedom Essay1484 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThe Powerful Ideal of Freedom Developed in Harriet JacobsÃ¢â¬â¢ Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl, Blood-Burning Moon, by Jean Toomer, and W.E.B DuBoisÃ¢â¬â¢ The Souls of Black Folk Slavery played an overwhelming role throughout the history of the United States. The riches created by the unpaid labor of African Americans helped to guarantee the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s industrial revolution and succeeding economic strength. Yet, that wealth created incredible political power for slaveholders and their representativesRead MoreThe Life Of Frederick Douglas s Narrative Of The Life Of A Slave Girl1378 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageswithin society. This is exhibited in Jacob and DouglassÃ¢â¬â¢s narratives as they depict the human relationships between races through their description of the dehumanizing body of slavery. In the novel, Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglas, set from early to middle 1800s in southern states, Frederick Douglas highlights the brutal aspects of slavery as he transitions into adulthood and seeks to obtain freedom, something that serves as a source of inspiration for former slaves. Similarly in the slaveRead MoreAnalysis Of Toni Morrison s Beloved161 5 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn her novel Beloved, Toni Morrison utilizes a circular narrative to emphasize the similarities, or lack thereof, between her characters. In Philip PageÃ¢â¬â¢s article, Ã¢â¬Å"Circularity in Toni MorrisonÃ¢â¬â¢s Beloved,Ã¢â¬ he writes, Ã¢â¬Å"The plot is developed through repetition and variation of one or more core-images in overlapping waves... And it is developed through... the spiraling reiteration of larger, mythical acts such as birth, death, rebirth, quest-journeys, and the formation and disintegration of familiesÃ¢â¬
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
Importance of Names in The Odyssey and The Bible Two of the most widely studied ancient works are HomerÃ¢â¬â¢s Odyssey and the book of Genesis from the Bible. Each of these texts provides a unique viewpoint of an early civilization. In both of the texts, one can learn not only stories about great heroes, but also about the way that these peoples lived and what they believed. Many interesting parallels can be drawn between the two developing societies shown in the Odyssey and the book of Genesis. One parallel is the importance placed on names by each culture. Although viewed as important in different ways, the value placed on a name shows a striking similarity between the evolving cultures of both the Greeks and the Hebrews.Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦For example, when Athena, disguised as MentÃ ªs, introduces herself to Telemachus, she says, Ã¢â¬Å"My name is MentÃ ªs; I am the son of a clever father, AnchialosÃ¢â¬ . A name symbolized not only oneÃ¢â¬â¢s own fame and honor, but also that of oneÃ¢â¬â¢s ancestry. I f a manÃ¢â¬â¢s family was particularly honorable or dishonorable, it was instantly obvious because of the renown and history that stood behind his name. The name was truly the most important possession of any man in early Grecian culture. This is probably best evidenced by OdysseusÃ¢â¬â¢ encounter with the cyclops, Polyphemos. In the beginning, Odysseus merely tells Polyphemos that he is Noman, a man with no history or background, about whom the cyclops does not know if he should fear or welcome, a man whom he could never find again. After he has injured Polyphemos and is away from him, however, Odysseus tells his name, saying, Ã¢â¬Å"Ã¢â¬ ¦your blinder was Odysseus, the conqueror of Troy, the son of LaÃ «rtÃ ªs, whose address is in Ithaca!Ã¢â¬ It seems that Odysseus cannot stand the thought of this great victory not being added to the history of his name, and, although it gets him in lots of trouble, thinks it much worse to do a great deed unknown than to suffer the consequences of having it known. This example clearly summarizes the higher and deeper purpose of a name in ancient Grecian culture, to be a witness for the man himself and his character. In the Odyssey, Homer also uses the namesShow MoreRelatedEssay on The Sweet Song of Dante Alighieris Siren1652 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesincorporating themes of unqualified repentance and realization of the true goodness of things divine. The Sirens are familiar literary characters from Greek mythology; they are most recognized as one of the many perils Odysseus encounters in Homers Odyssey. As Circe explains to Odysseus before he sets out for home, You will come first of all to the Sirens, who are enchanters / of all mankind and whoever comes their wayÃ¢â¬ ¦/ They sit in their meadow, but the beach before it is piled with boneheaps / ofRead MoreTrojan War2196 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesAphrodite after she offered to make Helen, the most beautiful of all women, fall in love with him. She then proceeded to take Helen from Menelaus, with ParisÃ¢â¬â¢s help and give her to him, thus causing the Trojan War. Throughout this struggle up through The Odyssey and The Iliad, the two armies of Greeks and Trojans battle along with the gods for Helen. And the question that must be asked in light of this great mythological struggle is, was the war just? Was the bloodshed of thousands of men, women, and childrenRead MoreAnalysis Of Jo hn Milton s Paradise Lost 1852 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesMaust English IV AP 10 October 2015 Select a novel, play, or epic in which a character experiences such a rift and becomes cut off from Ã¢â¬Å"home,Ã¢â¬ whether that home is the characterÃ¢â¬â¢s birthplace, family, homeland, or other special place. Then write an essay in which you analyze how the characterÃ¢â¬â¢s experience with exile is both alienating and enriching, and how this experience illuminates the meaning of the work as a whole. You may choose a work from the list below or one of comparable literary merit.Read MoreHow to Write a Research Paper11497 Words Ã |Ã 46 Pagesbook by a corporate author (commission, association, committee): 6. A book by an anonymous author: 7. A book with an editor only: 8. A book with an author and an editor: 9. A work in an anthology or a collection of essays: 10. An introduction, preface, foreword, afterword, or textbook glossary: 11. A book in a series (multiple authors): * Note: 47 is series number 12. A multi-volume work, same author, one title: 13. A multi-volumeRead MorePostmodernism and the Simpsons10775 Words Ã |Ã 44 PagesHugvÃ sindadeild Postmodernism and The Simpsons Intertextuality, Hyperreality and Critique of Metanarratives RitgerÃ ° til B.A.-prÃ ³fs BjÃ ¶rn Erlingur FlÃ ³ki BjÃ ¶rnsson email@example.com Kt. 110982-5779 MaÃ 2006 Abstract This essay offers a postmodernist reading of the popular television program The Simpsons, with special regard to the postmodern theories of intertexuality, hyperreality, and metanarratives. Before delving into The Simpsons, some major theoretical aspects of postmodernism in aestheticRead MoreTest Bank For Ethics For The Information Age 5th Edition Mike Quinn4321 Words Ã |Ã 18 Pagesin national elections. d) transmit light without wires. e) All of the above 29. The power of radio as a medium of mass communication was demonstrated in 1938 when Orson Welles put on a dramatization of a) War of the Worlds. b) Hamlet. c) HomerÃ¢â¬â¢s Odyssey. d) the assassination of Franklin Roosevelt. e) 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea. 30. ARPA Director J.C.R. Licklider conceived of a Galactic Network that would a) control weapons from space. b) guide spacecraft to distant planets. c) become the worldÃ¢â¬â¢sRead MoreStudy Guide Literary Terms7657 Words Ã |Ã 31 Pagesoverwhelming space, danger, instability; whereas earth connotes safety, fertility and stability. 28. claim-to assert or maintain as a fact: Ex. She claimed that he was telling the truth. 29. classification and division- In a classification essay, a writer organizes, or sorts, things into categories. Division separates items into categories. 30. coherence- logical interconnection; overall sense or understandability. The property of unity in a written text or a segment of spoken discourseRead MoreThe Love Song of J.Alfred Prufrock Essay4201 Words Ã |Ã 17 Pagesto be comforted. Ã Ã 5. Consider the title of the poem. How is it ironic? In what ways is the poem a love song? The title is actually the only place where PrufrockÃ¢â¬â¢s name is mentioned Ã¢â¬â in the poem he talks about himself in the first person. Eliot is clearly poking fun of himself with this title Ã¢â¬â as a young man he signed his name T. Stearns Eliot, but that doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t mean the poem is biographical. For one thing, weÃ¢â¬â¢re pretty sure Eliot didnÃ¢â¬â¢t drown in the ocean. The other thing to know about theRead MoreAmerican Literature11652 Words Ã |Ã 47 Pages errand into the wilderness be a city upon a hill Christian utopia Genre/Style: Ã¯â · Ã¯â · Ã¯â · Ã¯â · Ã¯â · sermons, diaries personal narratives captivity narratives jeremiads written in plain style Effect: Ã¯â · Ã¯â · instructive reinforces authority of the Bible and church Historical Context: Ã¯â · Ã¯â · a person s fate is determined by God all people are corrupt and must be saved by Christ Rationalism / Age of Enlightenment period of American Literature - 1750-1800 Content: Ã¯â · Ã¯â · Ã¯â · Ã¯â · national missionRead MoreChildrens Literature13219 Words Ã |Ã 53 Pagesnothing that could be considered a childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s book in the sense of a book written to give pleasure to a child. Because there were very few works composed for children, children borrowed from stories they enjoyed listening to such as the Iliad, the Odyssey, and AesopÃ¢â¬â¢s Fables. Plato specifically mentions childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s education in Book VI of The Republic. Though he holds rather liberal views on education and directly states that childrenÃ¢â¬â¢s lessons should Ã¢â¬Å"take the form of play,Ã¢â¬ Plato held less liberal
Ancient Chinese Art Forms Essay Category:HistoryPaper Title:Ancient Chinese Art FormsText:Chinese art is known as one of the worlds oldest found art forms, with piecesdating back to 1500 BC. There are many different mediums used in Chinese art,such as sculpture, painting, and architecture. Sculptures were often mad ofjade, ivory, or glass. Sculpture flourished during the time of the Ming(1368-1644) dynasty. Although Chinese painting styles became very popular in the Tang (618-906)and Sung (960-1279) dynasties, the human form was often disregarded. FollowingTaoist and Confucian ideas, people were left out so as not to intrude on theorderly magnitude of nature. Throughout the later Ming (1368-1644) dynasty,the human figure and still life became more accepted and of greater importance. * * *Peach VaseQing Dynasty, Qianlong period (1736-1795). This vase is a beautiful example of the Chineses use of ceramics withlaquers and enamels. This vase rivaled Western artists achievements in oilpaints with highly advanced opaque enamel colors. Made in the 18th century, thisvase is symbolic of peace and longevity, as it shows the peach in all stages oflife at the same time. This vase sits 50.3 cm high. * * *Deer EwerTang dynasty (618-907)Changsha ceramics, such as this ewer were the first to have paintings paintedon them under the glaze, so as to prolong the painting and colors. The mostwidely used designs were flowers and birds. Anything that added to theatractiveness of the piece was considered. Even so, man-made items such asbuildings or bridges were never seen. Very rarely a piece will be founddepicting the human figure in the form of women and children, but never men. * * *Jade Dragon and Phoenix3rd Century BC, period 480-221 BC. The pendant is dated back to 300 BC. The pendant was most likely used asornamentation for the upper class. The style used to carve this piece representsflowing elegance, shown in its wonderfully sloping curves. Jade, being and extremely hard stone, was never carved. In this case it hadbeen ground and drilled into shape, and polished to a sparkling finish. BibliographyIndianapolis Museum of Art, www.ima-art.org/. Copyright 2000, IndianapolisMuseum of ArtEncyclopedia.Com, www.encyclopedia.com/chinese-art/. Copyright 2000,Encyclopedia.ComHistory
Thursday, April 23, 2020
Virtual Reality What is Virtual Reality? The term Virtual Reality (VR) is used by many different people and currently has many meanings. There are some people to whom VR is a specific collection of technologies, that is a Head Mounted Display, Glove Input Device and Audio. However, the general concept of the systems goes way beyond that. "Virtual Reality is a way for humans to visualize, manipulate and interact with computers and extremely complex data" The visualization part refers to the computer generating visual, auditory or other sensual inputs. The images are graphical renderings of a world within the computer. This world may be a CAD model, a scientific simulation, or a view into a database. The user can interact with the world and directly manipulate objects within the world. Some worlds are animated by other processes, perhaps physical simulations, or simple animation scripts. Some people object to the term "Virtual Reality", saying it is an oxymoron. Other terms that have been used are Synthetic Environments, Cyberspace, Artificial Reality, Simulator Technology, etc. VR is the most common and sexiest. It has caught the attention of the media. The applications being developed for VR run a wide spectrum, from games to building and business planning. Many applications are worlds that are very similar to our own, like CAD or architectural modeling. Some applications provide ways of viewing from an advantageous perspective not possible with the real world, like scientific simulators and telepresense systems, air traffic control systems. Other applications are much different from anything we have ever directly experienced before. These latter applications may be the hardest, and most interesting systems. Visualizing the ebb and flow of the world's financial markets. Navigating a large corporate information base, etc. A major distinction of VR systems is the mode with which they interface to the user. There are some non-technologically mediated methods that some people stretch to include in VR, such as books, plays, movies or pure imagination. The above mentioned taxonomy can include these, but we wish to restrict VR to technology mediated systems. Some systems use a conventional computer monitor to display the visual world. This sometimes called desktop VR or a Window on a World (WoW). This concept traces its lineage back through the entire history of computer graphics. In 1965, Ivan Sutherland laid out a research program for computer graphics in a paper called "The Ultimate Display" that has driven the field for the past nearly thirty years. One must look at a display screen, he said, as a window through which one beholds a virtual world. The challenge to computer graphics is to make the picture in the window look real, sound real and the objects act real. [quoted from Computer Graphics V26#3] A variation of the WoW approach merges a video input of the user's silhouette with a 2D computer graphic. The user watches a monitor that shows his body's interaction with the world. Myron Kruger has been a champion of this form of VR since the late 60's. He has published two books on the subject: "Artificial Reality" and "Artificial Reality II". At least one commercial system uses this approach, the Mandala system. This system is based on a Commodore Amiga with some added hardware and software. A version of the Mandala is used by the cable TV channel Nickelodeon for a game show (Nick Arcade) to put the contestants into what appears to be a large video game. Immersive Systems is the ultimate VR systems, completely immerse the user's personal viewpoint inside the virtual world. These "immersive" VR systems are often equipped with a Head Mounted Display. This is a helmet or a face mask that holds the visual and auditory displays. The helmet may be free ranging, or it might be attached to some sort of a boom armature. A nice variation of the immersive systems use multiple large projection displays to create a 'Cave'. An early implementation was called "The Closet Cathedral" for the ability to create the impression of an immense environment. within a small physical space. The Holodeck used in the television series "Star Trek: The Next Generation" is an extrapolation of this technology. A variation on visualizing complete computer generated worlds is "Telepresence". This is a technology
Tuesday, March 17, 2020
Appeasement and the Munich - Smart Custom Writing Heat and TemperatureIn order to understand about heat and temperature, it is of great importance to introduce the meaning of matter as well as the Kinetic Theory of Matter. This is because heat can be seen to exist when its effects are observed on matter. Without matter heat and temperature could not be realized. Matter can be defined as anything that has mass and that can occupy space. Matter is composed of substances, and these can be seen being made up of atoms, ions and molecules. Atoms, ions and molecules are the building blocks of matter; such that the behaviors of different types of substances are determined by these primary particles. The atoms of substances contain minute particles which are referred to as protons and electrons. These subatomic particles are also considered matter since they both have weight and occupy space (Atkins Paula, 2002).Ã Matter exists in three distinct states namely, solid state, liquid state and gaseous state. The three state of matter are inter-convertible such that one state can be converted into another state by changing the immediate environmental conditions especially temperature. The solid state of matter is characterized by having its own volume as well having a definite shape. Liquid state of matter is characterized by having its own volume but assumes the shape of the container it occupies. Gaseous state of matter does not have both its own volume and shape but occupies entire volume of the container and as well assumes the shape of the container it occupies (Atkins Paula, 2002). Kinetic Theory of Matter states that matter is made up of very many minute particles that are in a constant state of motion. The theory can also be referred to as the Kinetic Molecular Theory of Matter.Ã The theory forms the basis to explain the behavior that different forms of matter exhibit simply by making simple assumptions, for example, the idea that matter is composed of widely spaced particles which are in a constant motion. The significant areas in this case are transfer or flow of heat as well as the relationship between temperature, pressure, and volume of gases. The Kinetic Theory of matter is a mere prediction regarding the behavior of matter, based on particular approximations and assumptions. These assumptions and approximations are made from experiments and observations, for instance, the fact that objects are made up of atoms or small molecules (Burshtein, 1996).Ã Heat can be defined as a form of energy that is associated with the motion of molecules or atoms and that can be conveyed through fluid and solid media by the process of conduction, through vacuum by the process of radiation, and through fluid media by convection process.Ã There are different sources of heat, for instance, heat due to friction, heat due to nuclear reactions, heat due to sun, heat due to burning of fossil fuels, and heat due to electricity. This transmission of energy from one substance to another is determined by a change in phase or a difference in temperature. Therefore temperature can be defined as the measure of the mean kinetic energy of the molecules or atoms in a given sample of matter, and it is usually expressed in degrees or units chosen on a typical scale. The relationship between heat and temperature is depicted from the definitions. Temperatures of substances rise when heat is supplied. Intense heat is characterized by high temperature (Turns, 2006). Now it will be very clear, if in the discussion of converting substances from one state to another immediate state, heat and temperature are involved. From the Kinetic Theory of Matter, it is evident that matter is made up of small particles that are in a constant state of motion. These particles may consist of molecules, ions or atoms which are held together by strong forces of attraction. In the solid state, the particles are closely packed together in fixed positions. The particles cannot move from one position to another but can vigorously vibrate within their fixed positions, and this is because the forces of attraction between the particles are very strong. With the increase in the temperature of a substance in solid state, the particles gain heat energy gradually and the kinetic energy of the particles increases. A point is reached when the particles start to move more vigorous until the forces of attraction between them weakens.Ã The particles can now move from one place t o another as the substance changes state from solid to liquid. The substance loses its definite shape but it still has its own volume (Atkins Paula, 2002). In the liquid state, the particles are not as closely held together as in the solid states since the forces of attraction between the particles are a bit weaker. The particles are free to move from one place to another within the structure. When the temperature of the substance is increased further, the particles gradually absorb heat energy. The kinetic energy of the particles further increases as the particles move more vigorous. A point reaches when the forces of attraction between the particles are overcome and the particles move far apart from one another. At this point the substance changes its state from liquid to gaseous state (Turns, 2006).Ã Reduction in temperature reverses the processes, such that the substance in gaseous state changes into liquid state and finally into solid state. This is because, as the temperature reduces, the kinetic energy of the particles goes down and the forces of attraction become stronger. Thus the particles of the substance attract one another. Heat capacity of a substance is defined as a measurable physical quantity that portrays the amount of heat needed to change the temperature of a body by a particular amount. The SI units for heat capacity are joules per Kelvin. In substances heat capacity is determined by various properties for example the amount of matter in the substance expressed in terms of its mass, the type of material of which the substance is composed of, the temperature of the substance, and the atmospheric pressure (White, 1999).Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã References Atkins, P., Paula, J. (2002). Atkins' Physical Chemistry. Oxford Oxfordshire: Oxford University Press. Burshtein, a., (1996). Introduction to Thermodynamics and Kinetic Theory of Matter.Ã London: J. Wiley. Turns, S., (2006). Thermal-Fluid Sciences. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. White, G., (1999). Heat Capacity and Thermal Expansion at Low Temperatures. New York:Ã Kluwer Academic/Plenum.
Sunday, March 1, 2020
Learn How Apple's First Smartphone Came to Be According to the Oxford English Dictionary, a smartphone is Ã¢â¬Å"a mobile phone that performs many of the functions of aÃ computer, typically having a touchscreen interface, internet access, and an operating system capable of running downloaded apps.Ã¢â¬ As those of you who know your smartphones history are aware, Apple did not invent the smartphone. They did, however, bring us the iconic and much-imitated iPhone, which debuted June 29, 2007. Precursors to the iPhone Prior to the iPhone, smartphones were often, bulky, unreliable, and prohibitively expensive. The iPhone was a game-changer. While its technology was state-of-the-art at the time, since more than 200Ã patentsÃ went into its original manufacture, theres no pinpointing a single person as the iPhones inventor. Still, a few names- including Apple designers John Casey and Jonathan Ive- stand out as being instrumental in bringing Steve Jobs vision for a touchscreen smartphone to life. While Apple had produced the Newton MessagePad, a personal digital assistant (PDA) device, from 1993 to 1998, the firstÃ concept for a true iPhone-type device came about in 2000 when Apple designer John Casey sent some concept art around via an internal email for something he called the Telipod- a telephone and iPod combination.Ã TheÃ TelipodÃ never made it into production but Apple co-founder and CEO Steve Jobs did believe that cell phones with a touchscreen function and access to the Internet were the future of accessible information. Accordingly, Jobs set a team of engineers to tackle the project.Ã Apples First Smartphone Apples first smartphone, the ROKR E1, was released on Sept. 7, 2005. It was the first mobile phone to use iTunes, the music-sharing software Apple had debuted in 2001. However, the ROKR was an Apple and Motorola collaboration, and Apple was not happy with Motorolas contributions. Within a year, Apple discontinued support for the ROKR. On Jan. 9, 2007, Steve Jobs announced the new iPhone at the Macworld Convention. It went on sale on June 29, 2007. What Made the iPhone So Special Apples chief design officer from 1992 to 2019, Jonathan Ive, was largely responsible for the look and feel of the iPhone. Born in Britain in February 1967, Ive was also the principal designer of the iMac, the titanium and aluminum PowerBook G4, MacBook, unibody MacBook Pro, iPod, iPhone, and iPad. The first smartphone with no dedicated keypad for dialing, the iPhone was entirely a touchscreen device that broke new technological ground with its multitouch controls. In addition to being able to use the screen to select and use apps, users could scroll and zoom as well with a finger swipe. The iPhone also introduced the accelerometer, a motion sensor that allowed the user to turn the phone sideways and have the display automatically rotate to suit. While it was not the first device to have apps or software add-ons, it was the first smartphone to manage the apps market successfully. Siri The iPhone 4S was released with the addition of a personal assistant called Siri, a voice-controlled, artificial intelligence-based assistant that could not only perform numerous tasks for the user, it could also learn and adapt to better serve that user, as well. With the addition of Siri, the iPhone was no longer a mere phone or music player- it literally put an entire world of information at the users fingertips. Waves of the Future Since it made its debut, Apple has continued to improve and update the iPhone. The iPhone 10 (also known as iPhone X), released in November 2017, is the first iPhone to useÃ organic light-emitting diodeÃ (OLED)Ã screen technology, wireless charging, and facial recognition technology to unlock the phone. In 2018, Apple released three versions of the iPhone X: iPhone Xs, iPhone X Max (a larger version of the Xs), and the budget-friendly iPhone Xr, all with improved camera technology that enables what Apple terms, Smart HDR (high dynamic range) photography. Going forward, Apple is expected to continue with OLED displays for its 2019 devices, and there are some rumors that the company plans to soon retire its earlier LCD (liquid crystal display) displays altogether.
Thursday, February 13, 2020
The growth and impact of 'temporary' employmen - Research Paper Example Department of Labor 1). The current paper hereby aims to present the growth and impact of temporary employment in the U.S. through initially providing a brief historical overview of temporary employment, prior to presenting current statistics on the subject. The causes and effects of temporary employment on the plight of employment condition in the country would also be examined, prior to a concluding portion would wraps up the points that were discussed. Recent economic difficulties in the country and all over the world have affected the tenure, status, and working conditions of the labor force. There are rampant news that reveal increasing levels of unemployment globally and more workers seeking temporary and part-time employment to be able to support a variety of needs. According to Villarreal and Swanson (2011), aside from economic factors that influence the rate of employment, the concerns about future imposition of taxes and the costs of health care in the country preclude optimistic growth potentials for supporting and sustaining permanent employment. As such, greater numbers of people seeking employment resort to part-time jobs and temporary employment. The characteristics of benefits eligibility for temporary employees have been explicitly indicated by DOL, to wit: Ã¢â¬Å"Temporary employees are eligible to earn leave and are covered by Social Security and unemployment compensation, but do not receive the other fringe benefits provided to career civil service employees. Current law allows temporary employees to purchase health insurance after they have one year of temporary service, but the employee must pay the full cost with no Government contribution. Employees are not eligible for coverage under the Federal Government Life Insurance program or the Federal Employees Retirement SystemÃ¢â¬ (U.S. Department of Labor par. 2). Thus, the disparities between a permanent from a temporary employee